Kartal Belediyesi Kartal Municipiliyt
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At the start of 6th century A.D., during the Byzantine Empire, Kartal was a small fishing town named “Kartalimen”. The name “Kartal” was first given after a fisherman named “Kartelli” moved to the town of Kartal. During the reign of the Byzantine Empire, “Kartalimen” was considered an important port. The development of the county of Kartal can be traced back to the 6th century. During excavations in the districts of Samandıra and Yakacık, the historical artifacts that were found, dated back to the Byzantine Empire. During 1080 to 1083, Sultan Süleyman Şah of the Seljuk Empire took Pendik, Kartal and Maltepe under his control. A treaty was signed with the Sultan in 1084, which designated the border of Kartal under the rule of the Seljuk Empire as the Dragos Stream. The stream lies today to the west of Maltepe and runs through the Dragos Hill which now constitutes the border between Kartal and Maltepe. The treaty was the first to outline the border between the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuk Empire. In 1400, Kartal became a part of the Ottoman Empire. The first ferry station in Kartal was built during 1857. During that time period, Kartal was a small settlement. After the construction of the Haydarpaşa-Pendik suburban train line in 1873, Kartal’s population started growing. Until the declaration of a parliamentary monarchy in 1908, Kartal was managed under the public administration unit of Üsküdar. Later on it become a county within the governorship of İstanbul. In 1947 after Kartal was declared as an industrial zone, the town’s population and production rapidly increased. Kartal is still one of the most important centers of commerce and industry in Istanbul. The county of Kartal has fertile land, important underground drinking water supplies. The district of Ayazma is well-known and Yakacık is a natural wonder. With its historical, cultural and natural richness, Kartal is a very striking and attractive town.

Brief Chronological History of Kartal

The archives of the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Turkey demonstrate that the municipality of Kartal has a strong foundation of local governance.

  • From 1854 to 1943 Kartal changed forms of governance.
  • In 1943 Kartal became the largest county on the Anatolian side of Istanbul and since then Kartal Municipality has been serving the county.